Since 2013, the number of Cambodian migrants in Thailand has been increasing every year. In 2015 there were up to 2 million Cambodian migrants, out of those only around 20% were registered as regular migrant. Cambodian migrants are the most vulnerable group due to their poor education and lack of information about safe migration and their rights. They are also suffering from very weak services from the Cambodian Government and weakness of Cambodian CSOs in advocacy activities, inside and outside the country.
There are many reported cases of migrants locked inside Thai seafood and fish factories obliged to live in slavery, in demeaning conditions without even the possibility to go out and at risk of abuse by other migrants.
Moreover many migrants are victimized at the hands of perpetrators of contemporary forms of slavery, through human trafficking (especially women and children) and labour exploitation. There are many factors that contribute to the exploitation faced by migrant workers: the inefficient enforcement of current action plans to combat human trafficking from Cambodian and Thai Governments, the inappropriate use of law to defend the victims, not effective legal procedures, the malfunctioning of the private recruitment agencies to which, according to the Cambodian law, migrants are obliged to refer to, Thai employers who tend to take advantage of the extremely weak position of migrants. Thus, the project fits in this context trying to promote human rights and fundamental freedoms improving capacity of CSOs to participate in multi-actor partnerships with local authorities in order to advocate and pursue a common agenda at local, National and ASEAN level, able to provide the needed support for migrants with the key goal to prevent human trafficking, arbitrary detention and facilitate access to justice.